Guide for authors – Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease – ISSN 1477-8939


Guide for Authors

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Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease publishes original papers, reviews and consensus papers that have a primary composition of infectious disease in the context of travel medicine.

Focus areas include : epidemiology and surveillance of travel-related illness, prevention and treatment of travel associated infections, malaria prevention and treatment, travellers’ diarrhoea, infections associated with mass gatherings, migration-related infections, vaccines and vaccine-preventable disease, ball-shaped policy/regulations for disease prevention and manipulate, and hardheaded clinical issues for travel and tropical medicine practitioners. The journal besides covers areas of controversy and debate in travel music particularly where this may inform guidelines and policy pertinent to travel music and the prevention of infectious disease .Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease aims to publish cutting edge papers and offers a fast peer-review process with early online publication of accepted manuscripts.
Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease aims to publish cutting edge papers and offers a fast peer-review action with early on-line publication of take manuscripts. gfa 1000

The Journal invites authors to submit original research, reviews or commentaries on a variety of Travel Medicine relate topics. Papers submitted must not have been previously published or being considered for issue elsewhere. submission of a manuscript to this journal gives the publisher the right to publish that wallpaper if it is accepted. Manuscripts may be edited to improve clearness and expression. Manuscripts should submitted via the on-line submission system available at hypertext transfer protocol : // article TypesOriginal articles should be between 3,000 and 5,000 words in length; review articles should be up to 8,000 words in length, commentaries should between 2,000 – 3,000 words in length and correspondence should be up to 500 words in length. diagnostic Challenge – brief text of up to 300 words and if applicable a photograph.No references or abstract should be included. There should be no more than 5 authors. consent for publication should be obtained from the affected role ( or next of kin ) .Book Reviews – Submission of book reviews of up to 450 words may be submitted to the Editor along the same route as normal manuscripts. Books for reviews may also be sent to the Editor at the address given above. This daybook is function of our Article Transfer Service. This means that if the Editor feels your article is more suitable in one of our other participating journals, then you may be asked to consider transferring the article to one of those. If you agree, your article will be transferred mechanically on your behalf with no need to reformat. More information about this can be found here : hypertext transfer protocol : // .To contact the Editor-in-chief: Patricia SchlagenhaufDivision of Epidemiology and Communicable Diseases University of Zürich Centre for Travel MedicineWHO Collaborating Centre for Travellers’ Health Hirschengraben 84 CH-8001 Zürich Switzerland Tel : +41 44 6344630Fax: +41 44 6344984 electronic mail : chuck @ Page charges
This journal has no page charges. Submission checklist

You can use this list to carry out a final examination check of your submission before you send it to the diary for review. Please check the relevant incision in this Guide for Authors for more details .Ensure that the following items are present: One writer has been designated as the correspond author with contact details :
• E-mail address
• Full postal addressAll necessary files have been uploaded:
• Include keywords
• All figures (include relevant captions)
• All tables (including titles, description, footnotes)
• Ensure all figure and table citations in the text match the files provided
• Indicate clearly if color should be used for any figures in print
Graphical Abstracts / Highlights files (where applicable)
Supplemental files (where applicable) promote considerations
• Manuscript has been ‘spell checked ‘ and ‘grammar checked ‘
• All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa
• Permission has been obtained for consumption of copyrighted corporeal from early sources ( including the Internet )
• A competing interests statement is provided, even if the authors have no competing interests to declare
• Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed
• Referee suggestions and touch details provided, based on journal requirementsFor further information, visit our Support Center. gfa 4000 Ethics in publishing

Please see our information on Ethics in print. Studies in humans and animals

If the sour involves the function of human subjects, the generator should ensure that the work identify has been carried out in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association ( Declaration of Helsinki ) for experiments involving humans. The manuscript should be in line with the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals and drive for the inclusion of example homo populations ( sexual activity, old age and ethnicity ) as per those recommendations. The terms sex and gender should be used correctly .Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for experimentation with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed. All animal experiments should comply with the ARRIVE guidelines and should be carried out in accord with the U.K. Animals ( Scientific Procedures ) Act, 1986 and associated guidelines, EU Directive 2010/63/EU for animal experiments, or the National Research Council ‘s Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals and the authors should clearly indicate in the manuscript that such guidelines have been followed. The sex of animals must be indicated, and where allow, the influence ( or association ) of sex on the results of the analyze. Informed consent and patient details

Studies on patients or volunteers require ethics committee blessing and inform accept, which should be documented in the paper. appropriate consents, permissions and releases must be obtained where an author wishes to include subject details or other personal data or images of patients and any other individuals in an Elsevier publication. spell consents must be retained by the writer but copies should not be provided to the daybook. merely if specifically requested by the journal in exceptional circumstances ( for case if a legal issue arises ) the writer must provide copies of the consents or testify that such consents have been obtained. For more information, please review the Elsevier Policy on the Use of Images or Personal Information of Patients or other Individuals. Unless you have written permission from the affected role ( or, where applicable, the adjacent of kin ), the personal details of any patient included in any depart of the article and in any auxiliary materials ( including all illustrations and videos ) must be removed before submission. Conflict of Interest

Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease will not publish manuscripts unless submitted manuscripts contain a conflict of Interest Declaration. Authors should include a statement ( word translation or pdf version ) disclosing any fiscal or personal relationship with other people or organisations that could inappropriately influence their work. Manuscripts which are submitted without this resolution will be sent back with a request for this to be included. Submission declaration and verification

Submission of an article implies that the ferment report has not been published previously ( except in the class of an abstraction, a promulgated call on the carpet or academic thesis, see ‘ Multiple, excess or coincident publication ‘ for more information ), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the creditworthy authorities where the knead was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other speech, including electronically without the written accept of the copyright-holder. To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service Crossref Similarity Check. Preprints
Please note that preprints can be shared anywhere at any time, in line with Elsevier ‘s share policy. Sharing your preprints e.g. on a preprint server will not count as prior issue ( see ‘ Multiple, excess or coincident issue ‘ for more information ). Preprint posting on SSRN

In subscribe of Open Science, this journal offers its authors a release preprint posting service. Preprints provide early adjustment and dispersion of your research, which facilitates early citations and collaboration. During submission to Editorial Manager, you can choose to release your manuscript publicly as a preprint on the preprint server SSRN once it enters peer-review with the journal. Your choice will have no effect on the column serve or consequence with the journal. Please note that the comparable writer is expected to seek approval from all co-authors before agreeing to release the manuscript publicly on SSRN .You will be notified via email when your preprint is posted online and a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is assigned. Your preprint will remain globally available free to read whether the journal accepts or rejects your manuscript. For more information about posting to SSRN, please consult the SSRN Terms of Use and FAQs. Use of inclusive language

Inclusive linguistic process acknowledges diversity, conveys respect to all people, is sensitive to differences, and promotes peer opportunities. capacity should make no assumptions about the beliefs or commitments of any proofreader ; control nothing which might imply that one individual is ranking to another on the grounds of historic period, sex, raceway, ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, disability or health condition ; and use inclusive language throughout. Authors should ensure that compose is absolve from bias, stereotypes, slang, reference point to dominant culture and/or cultural assumptions. We advise to seek sex neutrality by using plural nouns ( “ clinicians, patients/clients ” ) as default/wherever possible to avoid using “ he, she, ” or “ he/she. ” We recommend avoiding the use of descriptors that refer to personal attributes such as age, sex, rush, ethnicity, culture, sexual orientation, disability or health condition unless they are relevant and valid. When coding terminology is used, we recommend to avoid unsavory or exclusionary terms such as “ dominate ”, “ slave ”, “ blacklist ” and “ whitelist ”. We suggest using alternatives that are more appropriate and ( self- ) explanatory such as “ primary ”, “ secondary coil ”, “ blocklist ” and “ allowlist ”. These guidelines are meant as a point of reference to help identify appropriate language but are by no means exhaustive or definitive. Author contributions

For transparency, we encourage authors to submit an generator statement file outlining their individual contributions to the paper using the relevant CRediT roles : conceptualization ; Data curation ; Formal analysis ; Funding acquisition ; Investigation ; Methodology ; Project administration ; Resources ; Software ; Supervision ; Validation ; Visualization ; Roles/Writing – original draft ; Writing – review & editing. authorship statements should be formatted with the names of authors first and CRediT function ( s ) following. More details and an exemplar. Authorship

All authors should have made hearty contributions to all of the following : ( 1 ) the concept and design of the study, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, ( 2 ) drafting the article or revising it critically for authoritative cerebral content, ( 3 ) final approval of the version to be submitted. Changes to authorship

Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and ordering of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the clock time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and lone if approved by the diary Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author : ( a ) the cause for the deepen in writer number and ( barn ) written confirmation ( electronic mail, letter ) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of accession or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.
entirely in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an on-line topic, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum. Clinical trial results

In cable with the side of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, the diary will not consider results posted in the same clinical trials register in which chief adjustment resides to be prior publication if the results posted are presented in the class of a brief integrated ( less than 500 words ) abstract or table. however, divulging results in early circumstances ( for example, investors ‘ meetings ) is discouraged and may jeopardise consideration of the manuscript. Authors should amply disclose all posting in registries of results of the lapp or close related work. Reporting clinical trials
Randomized controlled trials should be presented according to the CONSORT guidelines. At manuscript submission, authors must provide the CONSORT checklist accompanied by a flow diagram that illustrates the advance of patients through the trial, including recruitment, registration, randomization, coitus interruptus and completion, and a detail description of the randomization routine. The CONSORT checklist and template flow diagram are available on-line. Registration of clinical trials
Registration in a populace trials register is a circumstance for publication of clinical trials in this journal in accordance with International Committee of Medical Journal Editors recommendations. Trials must register at or before the attack of patient registration. The clinical trial registration number should be included at the end of the abstraction of the article. A clinical trial is defined as any inquiry discipline that prospectively assigns homo participants or groups of humans to one or more health-related interventions to evaluate the effects of health outcomes. Health-related interventions include any intervention used to modify a biomedical or health-related result ( for model drugs, surgical procedures, devices, behavioral treatments, dietary interventions, and process-of-care changes ). Health outcomes include any biomedical or health-related measures obtained in patients or participants, including pharmacokinetic measures and adverse events. Purely experimental studies ( those in which the assignment of the medical treatment is not at the discretion of the investigator ) will not require registration. Article transfer service
This daybook is partially of our Article Transfer Service. This means that if the Editor feels your article is more desirable in one of our early participating journals, then you may be asked to consider transferring the article to one of those. If you agree, your article will be transferred mechanically on your behalf with no need to reformat. Please note that your article will be reviewed again by the new journal. More information. Copyright

Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a ‘Journal Publishing Agreement ‘ ( see more data on this ). An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding writer confirming receipt of the manuscript in concert with a ‘Journal Publishing Agreement ‘ form or a yoke to the on-line interpretation of this agreement. Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or organize lists of articles including abstracts for inner circulation within their institutions. license of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the initiation and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the generator ( randomness ) must obtain written license from the copyright owners and credit the source ( sulfur ) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases .For gold open access articles: Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a ‘License Agreement’ (more information). Permitted third party reuse of gold open access articles is determined by the author’s choice of user license. Author rights
As an writer you ( or your employer or mental hospital ) have certain rights to reuse your influence. More information. Elsevier supports responsible sharing
Find out how you can plowshare your research published in Elsevier journals. Role of the funding source

You are requested to identify who provided fiscal support for the conduct of the research and/or preparation of the article and to briefly describe the role of the sponsor ( second ), if any, in sketch design ; in the solicitation, analysis and interpretation of data ; in the publish of the report ; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the fund reservoir ( second ) had no such interest, it is recommended to express this. Open access

Please visit our Open Access page for more data. Elsevier Researcher Academy
Researcher Academy is a free e-learning platform designed to support early and mid-career researchers throughout their research travel. The “ Learn ” environment at Researcher Academy offers respective interactional modules, webinars, downloadable guides and resources to guide you through the process of writing for research and going through peer review. Feel exempt to use these free resources to improve your submission and navigate the publication procedure with ease. Language (usage and editing services)
Please write your text in estimable English ( American or british use is accepted, but not a concoction of these ). Authors who feel their english linguistic process manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spell errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the english Language Editing overhaul available from Elsevier ‘s Author Services. Submission

Our on-line submission system guides you stepwise through the process of entering your article details and uploading your files. The organization converts your article files to a single PDF file used in the peer-review summons. Editable files ( for example, Word, LaTeX ) are required to typeset your article for final issue. All parallelism, including notification of the Editor ‘s decision and requests for rewrite, is sent by electronic mail. Submit your article
Please submit your article via hypertext transfer protocol : // Suggesting reviewers
Please submit the names and institutional e-mail addresses of several potential reviewers.

You should not suggest reviewers who are colleagues, or who have co-authored or collaborated with you during the last three years. Editors do not invite reviewers who have potential competing interests with the authors. Further, in order to provide a broad and balanced assessment of the work, and ensure scientific rigor, please suggest diverse candidate reviewers who are located in different countries/regions from the author group. Also consider other diversity attributes e.g. gender, race and ethnicity, career stage, etc. Finally, you should not include existing members of the journal’s editorial team, of whom the journal are already aware. note : the editor decides whether or not to invite your hint reviewers. gfa 20000 Queries

For questions about the column process ( including the condition of manuscripts under follow-up ) or for technical support on submissions, please visit our Support Center. Peer review

This diary operates a single anonymized inspection process. All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of two autonomous adept reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the newspaper. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding credence or rejection of articles. The Editor ‘s decisiveness is final. Editors are not involved in decisions about papers which they have written themselves or have been written by kin members or colleagues or which relate to products or services in which the editor program has an sake. Any such meekness is subjugate to all of the journal ‘s common procedures, with peer inspection handled independently of the relevant editor and their inquiry groups. More information on types of peer review. Subdivision – numbered sections
Divide your article into clearly defined and total sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 ( then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, … ), 1.2, etc. ( the abstract is not included in section enumeration ). Use this number besides for internal cross-referencing : do not just refer to ‘the text ‘. Any subsection may be given a brief head. Each head should appear on its own distinguish line. Introduction
State the objectives of the employment and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detail literature view or a summary of the results. Material and methods
Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an mugwump research worker. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a citation. If quoting immediately from a previously published method, use quotation marks and besides cite the generator. Any modifications to existing methods should besides be described. Experimental
Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent research worker. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method acting, use quotation marks and besides cite the reference. Any modifications to existing methods should besides be described. Theory/calculation
A Theory section should extend, not repeat, the background to the article already dealt with in the Introduction and lay the basis for far oeuvre. In contrast, a Calculation section represents a practical development from a theoretical basis. Results
Results should be clear and concise. Discussion
This should explore the significance of the results of the exploit, not repeat them. A compound Results and Discussion section is frequently appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. Conclusions
The chief conclusions of the survey may be presented in a curtly Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section. Appendices
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given disjoined count : equivalent. ( A.1 ), Eq. ( A.2 ), etc. ; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. ( B.1 ) and indeed on. Similarly for tables and figures : postpone A.1 ; Fig. A.1, etc. Essential title page information

Title. Concise and informative. Titles are frequently used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
Author names and affiliations. Please clearly indicate the given diagnose ( s ) and kin name ( second ) of each generator and check that all names are accurately spelled. You can add your name between parentheses in your own script behind the english transliteration. Present the authors ‘ affiliation addresses ( where the actual oeuvre was done ) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the writer ‘s name and in front of the appropriate address. Provide the broad postal address of each affiliation, including the nation name and, if available, the e-mail address of each writer.
Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will handle commensurateness at all stages of refereeing and publication, besides post-publication. This province includes answering any future queries about Methodology and Materials. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.
Present/permanent address. If an generator has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a ‘Present address ‘ ( or ‘Permanent address ‘ ) may be indicated as a footnote to that author ‘s name. The savoir-faire at which the writer actually did the work must be retained as the independent, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes. Highlights

Highlights are optional yet highly encouraged for this journal, as they increase the discoverability of your article via search engines. They consist of a short collection of fastball points that capture the novel results of your research vitamin a well as new methods that were used during the study ( if any ). Please have a look at the examples here : model Highlights .Highlights should be submitted in a separate editable file in the online submission system. Please use ‘Highlights’ in the file name and include 3 to 5 bullet points (maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point). Abstract

Original articles should include a integrated abstract of no more than 200 words. In original articles, the Abstract should consist of 4 paragraph, labelled Background, Method, Results, Conclusions. They should briefly describe the problems being addressed in the study, how the study was performed and which measurements were carried out, the most relevant results, and what the authors conclude from the results. A late transcript of the daybook should be consulted as a template. An abstract is frequently presented separate from the article, so it must be able to stand entirely. Keywords

Authors should provide a list of 3 – 6 keywords ( not used in the title ) on the first page of the manuscript, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts ( avoid, for case, ‘and ‘, ‘of ‘ ). use terms form the Medical Subject headings from the Index Medicus. Be sparing with abbreviations : lone abbreviations firm established in the battlefield may be eligible. These keywords will be used for indexing purposes. Abbreviations
Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a annotate to be placed on the beginning page of the article. such abbreviations that are ineluctable in the abstract must be defined at their beginning mention there, a well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations throughout the article. Acknowledgements
Collate acknowledgements in a classify section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title foliate, as a annotate to the championship or otherwise. number here those individuals who provided help oneself during the research ( e.g., providing linguistic process aid, writing aid or proof reading the article, etc. ). Formatting of funding sources
List fund sources in this standard room to facilitate complaisance to funder ‘s requirements :Funding: This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA [grant number zzzz]; and the United States Institutes of Peace [grant number aaaa]. It is not necessary to include detail descriptions on the platform or type of grants and awards. When support is from a block accord or early resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the fund .If no funding has been provided for the research, it is recommended to include the following sentence: This research did not receive any particular grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or nonprofit organization sectors. Units
Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions : use the external system of units ( SI ). If other units are mentioned, please give their equivalent in SI. Artwork Image manipulation
Whilst it is accepted that authors sometimes need to manipulate images for clarity, manipulation for purposes of magic trick or fraud will be seen as scientific ethical abuse and will be dealt with consequently. For graphic images, this journal is applying the follow policy : no specific feature of speech within an persona may be enhanced, obscured, moved, removed, or introduced. Adjustments of brightness, contrast, or color balance are acceptable if and vitamin a long as they do not obscure or eliminate any information present in the master. nonlinear adjustments ( e.g. changes to gamma settings ) must be disclosed in the trope caption. Electronic artwork
General points
• Make sure you use undifferentiated inscription and size of your master artwork.
• Embed the use fonts if the application provides that option.
• Aim to use the follow fonts in your illustrations : Arial, Courier, Times New Roman, Symbol, or use fonts that look similar.
• Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
• Use a legitimate appointment convention for your artwork files.
• Provide captions to illustrations individually.
• Size the illustrations cheeseparing to the craved dimensions of the published interpretation.
• Submit each illustration as a offprint file.
• see that color images are accessible to all, including those with afflicted color vision .A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available.
You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here.
If your electronic artwork is created in a Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please supply ‘as is’ in the native document format.
Regardless of the application used other than Microsoft Office, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please ‘Save as’ or convert the images to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):
EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings, embed all used fonts.
TIFF (or JPEG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones), keep to a minimum of 300 dpi.
TIFF (or JPEG): Bitmapped (pure black & white pixels) line drawings, keep to a minimum of 1000 dpi.
TIFF (or JPEG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale), keep to a minimum of 500 dpi.
Please do not:
• Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g., GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); these typically have a low number of pixels and limited set of colors;
• Supply files that are too low in resolution;
• Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content. Color artwork
Please make certain that artwork files are in an acceptable format ( TIFF ( or JPEG ), EPS ( or PDF ), or MS Office files ) and with the correct resolution. If, together with your take article, you submit available color figures then Elsevier will ensure, at no extra charge, that these figures will appear in color on-line ( for example, ScienceDirect and other sites ) careless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the print version. For color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Elsevier after receipt of your accepted article. Please indicate your predilection for color : in print or on-line only. far information on the planning of electronic artwork. Illustration services
Elsevier ‘s Author Services offers Illustration Services to authors preparing to submit a manuscript but concerned about the quality of the images accompanying their article. Elsevier ‘s adept illustrators can produce scientific, technical foul and medical-style images, deoxyadenosine monophosphate well as a full range of charts, tables and graph. prototype ‘polishing ‘ is besides available, where our illustrators take your image ( second ) and improve them to a professional standard. Please visit the web site to find out more. Figure captions
Ensure that each example has a caption. Supply captions individually, not attached to the visualize. A caption should comprise a brief title ( not on the design itself ) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimal but explain all symbols and abbreviations used. Tables

Please present tables as editable text and not as images. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant textbook in the article, or on separate page ( s ) at the goal. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the textbook and place any board notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please keep off using vertical rules and shading in table cells. References Citation in text
Please ensure that every address cited in the text is besides present in the mention list ( and frailty versa ). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the citation list they should follow the standard reference vogue of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either ‘Unpublished results ‘ or ‘Personal communication ‘. citation of a reference as ‘in wardrobe ‘ implies that the detail has been accepted for issue. Reference links
Increased discoverability of research and high quality peer review are ensured by on-line links to the sources cited. In order to allow us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef and PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are right. Please note that faulty surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent link initiation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors. use of the DOI is highly encouraged .A DOI is guaranteed never to change, so you can use it as a permanent link to any electronic article. An example of a citation using DOI for an article not yet in an issue is: VanDecar J.C., Russo R.M., James D.E., Ambeh W.B., Franke M. (2003). Aseismic continuation of the Lesser Antilles slab beneath northeastern Venezuela. Journal of Geophysical Research, Please note the format of such citations should be in the same style as all other references in the paper. Web references
As a minimal, the full URL should be given and the date when the character was last access. Any foster information, if known ( DOI, author names, dates, reference book to a source publication, etc. ), should besides be given. web references can be listed individually ( e.g., after the reference list ) under a different head if desired, or can be included in the reference tilt. Data references
This journal encourages you to cite underlie or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data mention in your Reference List. Data references should include the comply elements : author name ( south ), dataset championship, data depository, version ( where available ), year, and global dogged identifier. Add [ dataset ] immediately before the mention so we can by rights identify it as a data reference. The [ dataset ] identifier will not appear in your print article. References in a special issue
Please ensure that the words ‘this issue ‘ are added to any references in the list ( and any citations in the text ) to other articles in the same Special Issue. Reference management software
Most Elsevier journals have their character template available in many of the most popular reference book management software products. These include all products that support Citation Style Language styles, such as Mendeley. Using citation plug-ins from these products, authors only need to select the allow journal template when preparing their article, after which citations and bibliographies will be mechanically formatted in the journal ‘s style. If no template is yet available for this journal, please follow the format of the sample references and citations as shown in this Guide. If you use character management software, please ensure that you remove all field codes before submitting the electronic manuscript. More data on how to remove field codes from different reference management software. Reference style
Text : Indicate references by numeral ( s ) in square brackets in channel with the text. The actual authors can be referred to, but the reference book number ( south ) must constantly be given.
list : Number the references ( numbers in square brackets ) in the list in the arrange in which they appear in the text.
Examples :
Reference to a diary publication :
[ 1 ] Van five hundred Geer J, Hanraads JAJ, Lupton RA. The art of writing a scientific article. J Sci Commun 2010 ; 163:51–9. hypertext transfer protocol : //
Reference to a journal publication with an article act :
[ 2 ] Van five hundred Geer J, Hanraads JAJ, Lupton RA. The artwork of writing a scientific article. Heliyon. 2018 ; 19 : e00205. hypertext transfer protocol : //
Reference to a script :
[ 3 ] Strunk Jr W, White EB. The elements of expressive style. 4th erectile dysfunction. New York : Longman ; 2000.
Reference to a chapter in an edit koran :
[ 4 ] Mettam GR, Adams LB. How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In : Jones BS, Smith RZ, editors. introduction to the electronic old age, New York : E-Publishing Inc ; 2009, p. 281–304.
Reference to a web site :
[ 5 ] Cancer Research UK. Cancer statistics reports for the UK, hypertext transfer protocol : // ; 2003 [ accessed 13 March 2003 ].
Reference to a dataset :
[ dataset ] [ 6 ] Oguro M, Imahiro S, Saito S, Nakashizuka T. Mortality data for japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions, Mendeley Data, v1 ; 2015. hypertext transfer protocol : //
note shortened kind for concluding foliate numeral. for example, 51–9, and that for more than 6 authors the first 6 should be listed followed by ‘et alabama. ‘ For further details you are referred to ‘Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals ‘ ( J Am Med Assoc 1997 ; 277:927–34 ) ( see besides Samples of Formatted References ). Journal abbreviations source
Journal names should be abbreviated according to the list of Title Word Abbreviations. Video

Elsevier accepts video recording substantial and liveliness sequences to support and enhance your scientific research. Authors who have video or vivification files that they wish to submit with their article are powerfully encouraged to include links to these within the body of the article. This can be done in the lapp way as a figure or postpone by referring to the video recording or animation content and note in the body text where it should be placed. All submitted files should be properly labeled indeed that they directly relate to the video file ‘s capacity. In arrange to ensure that your video recording or liveliness material is directly functional, please provide the file in one of our recommended file formats with a prefer maximum size of 150 MB per file, 1 GB in sum. Video and liveliness files supplied will be published on-line in the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect. Please issue ‘stills ‘ with your files : you can choose any frame from the video recording or animation or make a branch image. These will be used rather of standard icons and will personalize the liaison to your video recording data. For more detail instructions please visit our television teaching pages. eminence : since video and animation can not be embedded in the print interpretation of the journal, please provide text for both the electronic and the print version for the portions of the article that refer to this content. Data visualization

Include interactional data visualizations in your publication and let your readers interact and engage more close with your inquiry. Follow the instructions here to find out about available data visual image options and how to include them with your article. Supplementary material

Supplementary corporeal such as applications, images and phone clips, can be published with your article to enhance it. Submitted auxiliary items are published precisely as they are received ( Excel or PowerPoint files will appear as such on-line ). Please submit your material in concert with the article and supply a concise, descriptive caption for each supplementary file. If you wish to make changes to supplementary material during any stagecoach of the procedure, please make certain to provide an update file. Do not annotate any corrections on a previous version. Please switch off the ‘Track Changes ‘ choice in Microsoft Office files as these will appear in the published adaptation. Research data

This daybook encourages and enables you to partake data that supports your research publication where appropriate, and enables you to interlink the data with your published articles. Research data refers to the results of observations or experiment that validate inquiry findings. To facilitate reproducibility and datum recycle, this diary besides encourages you to plowshare your software, code, models, algorithms, protocols, methods and other useful materials related to the project. Below are a numeral of ways in which you can associate data with your article or make a instruction about the handiness of your data when submitting your manuscript. If you are sharing data in one of these ways, you are encouraged to cite the data in your manuscript and reference list. Please refer to the “ References ” part for more information about data citation. For more information on situate, sharing and using inquiry data and other relevant inquiry materials, visit the research datum page. Data linking
If you have made your research data available in a datum repository, you can link your article directly to the dataset. Elsevier collaborates with a act of repositories to link articles on ScienceDirect with relevant repositories, giving readers access to underlying data that gives them a better understand of the inquiry trace. There are different ways to link your datasets to your article. When available, you can directly link your dataset to your article by providing the relevant information in the submission organization. For more information, visit the database linking page .For supported data repositories a repository banner will automatically appear next to your published article on ScienceDirect. In addition, you can link to relevant data or entities through identifiers within the text of your manuscript, using the take after format : database : xxxx ( for example, TAIR : AT1G01020 ; CCDC : 734053 ; PDB : 1XFN ). Mendeley Data
This diary supports Mendeley Data, enabling you to deposit any research data ( including raw and processed data, video recording, code, software, algorithm, protocols, and methods ) associated with your manuscript in a free-to-use, exposed access depository. During the submission process, after uploading your manuscript, you will have the opportunity to upload your relevant datasets directly to Mendeley Data. The datasets will be listed and directly accessible to readers next to your published article on-line. For more information, visit the Mendeley Data for journals page. Data statement
To foster transparency, we encourage you to state the handiness of your data in your submission. This may be a prerequisite of your fund body or institution. If your data is unavailable to access or undesirable to post, you will have the opportunity to indicate why during the submission serve, for model by stating that the research data is confidential. The affirmation will appear with your published article on ScienceDirect. For more information, visit the Data Statement page. gfa 92000

Online proof correction

To ensure a fast publication process of the article, we kindly ask authors to provide us with their proof corrections within two days. Corresponding authors will receive an e-mail with a link to our on-line proof system, allowing note and discipline of proof on-line. The environment is similar to MS Word : in addition to editing text, you can besides comment on figures/tables and answer questions from the Copy Editor. Web-based proof provides a faster and less erring serve by allowing you to directly type your corrections, eliminating the electric potential introduction of errors.
If preferred, you can still choose to annotate and upload your edits on the PDF version. All instructions for proof will be given in the e-mail we send to authors, including alternate methods to the on-line version and PDF.
We will do everything potential to get your article published cursorily and accurately. Please use this proof only for checking the typeset, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. significant changes to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. It is important to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication. Please check cautiously before replying, as inclusion body of any subsequent corrections can not be guaranteed. Proofreading is entirely your province. Offprints

The correspond writer will, at no cost, receive a customize share Link providing 50 days free access to the final published translation of the article on ScienceDirect. The Share Link can be used for sharing the article via any communication channel, including e-mail and social media. For an extra charge, paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint holy order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication. Both corresponding and co-authors may order offprints at any time via Elsevier ‘s Author Services. Corresponding authors who have published their article gold open access do not receive a Share Link as their concluding published version of the article is available open entree on ScienceDirect and can be shared through the article DOI connect. gfa 99000

Visit the Elsevier Support Center to find the answers you need. here you will find everything from Frequently Asked Questions to ways to get in contact.
You can besides check the status of your render article or find out when your accept article will be published .

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