Perth Zoo – Wikipedia
Perth Zoo – Wikipedia

Perth Zoo – Wikipedia

Zoo in Perth, Western Australia

Perth Zoo is a 17-hectare ( 41-acre ) zoological park in South Perth, Western Australia. The menagerie beginning opened in 1898 and by 2011 house 1258 animals of 164 species [ 3 ] and an extensive botanic collection. It is a full institutional member of the Zoo and Aquarium Association ( ZAA ) and the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums ( WAZA ) .

history [edit ]

The Perth Zoological Gardens were opened on 17 October 1898 by the Governor of Western Australia, Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Gerard Smith. [ 7 ] Planning for the menagerie had started in 1896 when the Acclimatisation Society first met, the original purpose of which was to introduce european animals to Australia and establish a menagerie for conservation purposes. In 1897 this group invited the director of the Melbourne Zoo, Albert Le Souef, to choose a locate. His son Ernest was chosen as the first director of the Perth Zoo, and cultivate began in 1897. [ 8 ] [ 2 ]

The first gear exhibits built included two give birth caves, a putter house, a mammal house and a exemplar castle for guinea pigs. The first animals on display included an orangutan, two monkeys, four ostriches, a match of lions, and a tiger. At first there were lone six staff members. The menagerie had 53,000 visitors in its first nine months, and had not been closed for a single day since it was opened, until it was temporarily closed from 24 March 2020 during the coronavirus outbreak. [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [ 9 ] [ 10 ] From the begin Ernest Le Souef worked to create a botanical solicitation adenine well as an animal collection to preserve for the future. oeuvre on the gardens started adenine soon as the site was chosen and finalised. Since the site was largely sand and miss nutrients and water, loads of manure needed to be brought in, and a well was bored in 1898 to allow irrigation. The menagerie included rose gardens, lupine fields, tropical plants, and palms. The master palm solicitation however stands and boasts over 61 species including Canary Island date palms that are now over 110 years old. The menagerie besides grew crops for animals including boodle, alfalfa, carrots, alfalfa and onions. This custom is placid alive, with the menagerie producing fodder including hibiscus, bamboo, fijian fire plant and mirror plant. [ 2 ] In 2010/11, the menagerie had a paid staff of about 248 ( 167 full-time equivalents ), [ 11 ] plus about 300 volunteer docents. [ 2 ]

administration [edit ]

  • E.A. Le Souef – as director 1897 – 1935
  • L.E. Shapcott – as president of the Zoological Gardens Board 1932-1941
  • W.K. Lyall – as superintendent of the zoo 1950-1967
  • Tom Spence – as zoo director 1967-1984
  • John De Jose – as zoo director 1984-1994
  • Ricky Burges – as zoo CEO 1995-1998
  • Brian Easton – as zoo CEO 1999-2003
  • Susan Hunt – as zoo CEO 2004–2017[12]
  • Maria Finnigan – as zoo acting CEO 2017-2018[13]
  • Wendy Attenborough – as zoo CEO 2018–present[14]
  • See also Zoological Parks Authority which had been known as
    • Western Australian Acclimatization Committee (1896 – 1967?)
    • Zoological Gardens Board 1967 – 2002

Exhibits [edit ]

Perth Zoo has three independent zones – australian Walkabout, asian Rainforest and African Savannah – with a few minor parade areas ( Lesser Primates, South American birds, Main Lake, Galapagos Tortoises ). [ 15 ] All exhibits are designed to mimic the animals ‘ natural habitats and use passive voice barriers where potential, to improve the wellbeing of the animals .

Australian Walkabout

The australian Walkabout includes the australian Wetlands and Penguin Plunge, Reptile Encounter, australian Bushwalk, aviaries and the Nocturnal House. The australian Wetlands includes black affirm, black-necked stork, brolga, little motley cormorant, blue-billed duck, freckled duck, australian shelduck, radjah shelduck, eurasian coot, yellow-billed spoonbill, black-winged stilt, small egret, motley hero, plumed whistling duck, estuarine crocodile, fresh water crocodile, motorbike frog, excellent corner frog, western deluge tortoise, pig-nosed capsize, oblong capsize and Merten ‘s body of water monitor. The Penguin Plunge is home to small penguins and bridled terns. The parade includes a 50,000-litre ( 13,000 US gallon ) pool of trickle salt urine with submerged screening, a beach, a witwatersrand, and a rookery. [ 16 ] [ 17 ] The Australia Bushwalk takes visitors on a travel through the australian landscape where they can see dingoes, emu, koalas, red-legged pademelons, numbats, quokkas, crimson kangaroo, short-beaked echidnas, southern hairy-nosed wombats, tammar wallaby, Tasmanian devils, western brush wallaby and western grey kangaroos. A detour takes visitors to the westerly Australian Black Cockatoo exhibit, planted with cockatoo food trees [ 17 ] and home to Baudin ‘s cockatoo, Carnaby ‘s cockatoo, Major Mitchell ‘s cockatoo, Muir ‘s corella, red-tailed blacken cockatoo, and red-capped parrot. [ 18 ] Another detour takes visitors to the Numbats Under Threat exhibit, which showcases the endangered australian numbat along with rufous whistlers. [ 17 ] The Nocturnal House is designed in a circular watch layout that lets visitors circumnavigate the australian mainland while viewing nocturnal animals under imitate moonlight. Vertebrates in this building include banded knob-tailed gecko, rabbit-eared bandicoot, cane frog, chuditch, dibbler, ghostwriter cream, park tree frog, rough-throated leaftail gecko, spinifex hop shiner, rakali, djintamoonga, red-tailed phascogale, woylie, sugar glider, long-nosed potoroo, western common raccoon phalanger, koomal brushtail opossum, rough-scaled python, jungle carpet python, olive python, Children ‘s python, owlet-nightjar, tawny frogmouth, feathertail glider and brush-tailed bettong ; vitamin a well as the alien Sunda boring loris. In summation, this expose includes some invertebrates, such as the whistle tarantula, sandpaper scorpio, hairy marron and barbed leaf insect. [ 19 ] The Reptile Encounter was opened on World Environment Day in 1997. It contains 17 exhibits designed to match the animal ‘s lifelike habitat. The build up is climate controlled, and displays reptile species from around the worldly concern including examples of the Bell ‘s hinge-back tortoise, three-toed box turtle, black-headed python, dugite, frill-necked lounge lizard, feather boa constrictor, olive python, perentie, tokay gecko, pygmy python, Burmese python, southwest carpet python, tiger snake, common death adder, Dampier Peninsula admonisher, blue-tongued skink, western spiny-tailed skink, inland bearded dragon, pebble-mimic dragon, shingleback skink and woma. [ 20 ]

African Savannah
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The African Savannah replaced a diverseness of barricaded cages, and was the largest construction stick out undertaken at the menagerie when it was created. The parade recreates the African savannah, and includes African painted dogs, southern african Lions, cape porcupines, plains zebras, hamadryas baboons, meerkats, radiated tortoises, Rothschild ‘s giraffe, spotted hyenas and southerly white rhinoceroses. Visitors view the animals from a path that simulates a dry riverbed running through the savannah. [ 2 ] [ 21 ]

Asian Rainforest

The asian Rainforest is home to a number of threaten asian species. These include asian elephants, asian small-clawed otters, binturongs, Komodo dragons, bolshevik giant panda, Sumatran orangutans, Sumatran tigers, sunday bears, and two exhibits for northern white-cheeked gibbons. [ 2 ] [ 22 ] Perth Zoo contributes to the conservation of many of these species in the barbarian. The menagerie ‘s Sumatran orangutan breeding plan is the most successful in the world, having bred 27 orangutans since 1970. In 2006 and 2011, zoo-born orangutans were released into the fantastic in Bukit Tigapuluh National Park in Sumatra as part of an international program to re-establish a rampantly population of the critically endangered caricature. [ 23 ]

Lesser Primates

The Lesser Primates exhibit is home to lemurs and monkeys including ring-tailed lemurs, black-and-white trump lemurs, tufted capuchins, cotton-top tamarins, emperor butterfly tamarins, common marmosets and pygmy marmosets .

Amazonia

A series of aviary enclosures between the African Savannah and Nocturnal house are home to gold lion tamarins, bolivian squirrel monkeys and south american coati .
220px Perth zoo 01 gnangarra staff at Perth Zoo tending to the animals

Galapagos Tortoises

future to the African Savannah and opposite the Lesser Primates is an exhibit that is home to two Galápagos tortoises .

Main Lake

Near the entrance to the menagerie is the Main Lake which has two islands. One is home to a group of black-and-white trump lemurs and the other to a family of Javan gibbons. adjacent to the Main Lake and opposite the cafe are exhibits which are home to the southern cassowary and the Goodfellow ‘s tree kangaroo. It besides includes australian pelicans that move about in the waters .

Talking Zoo

The menagerie provides a loose on-line service called Talking Zoo which lets visitors download hours of animal information onto their ipod, MP3 player, mobile telephone or PDA. [ 24 ]

Heritage Trail

The Heritage Trail ( a map of which can be downloaded from the web site [ 25 ] or collected from the Information Centre ) is a self-guided walk that takes visitors around the menagerie and shows off its diachronic buildings. Buildings included in this base on balls are the bird prey shed, kite cage, wear caves, hay shed, mineral baths from 1898, replica of tennis shelters from 1903, the Scout Hall built in 1931, the 1947 carousel that is however in use, and the Gate Zoo Residence that was built in the 1960s. [ 26 ]

conservation [edit ]

220px Asali gnangarra 160915 120 Asali a Rothschild giraffe leaving Perth Zoo for Monarto Safari Park after being partially of the breeding program The menagerie participates in a number of breeding programs for queer species, both autochthonal australian and non-native species. Programs include those of the Rothschild ‘s giraffe and white rhinoceros arsenic well as Sumatran tigers and orangutans resulting in several births. Some australian species are bred for exhaust into managed habitat in western Australia, whereas the external species are for increasing genic diversification in menagerie populations .

Exotic species

Since 2006, Perth Zoo has made a significant contribution to conservation projects in the Bukit Tigapuluh National Park and the surround forested areas which support a deep diverseness of liveliness including a modern colony of orangutans. These orangutans are separate of an international program to reintroduce rescued ex-pet and orphaned Sumatran orangutans into the wild to establish a new population of this critically endangered species. More than 139 orangutans have been released into the sphere and some have bred. In November 2006, Perth Zoo released 14-year-old, Perth Zoo-born Sumatran orangutan Temara into Bukit Tigapuluh as separate of the reintroduction broadcast. Temara was the first zoo-born orangutan in the populace to be released into the wild. This was followed in 2011 with the dismissal of the first male zoo-born orangutan, Semeru, into the crazy. Perth Zoo works with the Frankfurt Zoological Society, indonesian Government and the australian Orangutan Project on this program and other conservation activities in Bukit Tigapuluh. [ 23 ] Perth Zoo contributes to the conservation of endanger species in the violent through its fund-raise plan, Wildlife Conservation Action. Started in 2007, funds raised have been used for the conservation of Sumatran orangutan, Sumatran tiger, Sumatran elephant, African wild frump, sun bears, tree kangaroo, Javan gibbons and australian native species. More than $ 881,000 has been raised since the plan began. [ 27 ]

Native species
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Working with the Department of Environment and Conservation, Perth Zoo breeds threatened western Australian animal species for release into managed areas of habitat in the barbarian as separate of its Native Species Breeding Program. As of 2011, Perth Zoo breeds numbats, western swamp tortoises, dibblers, woylies and threatened Western Australian frog species. [ 28 ]
220px Numbat A numbat, one of the many species to benefit from Perth Zoo ‘s interest. The numbat ( Myrmecobius fasciatus ) Western Australia ‘s mammal emblem and one of entirely two diurnal marsupials, the numbat is the only australian mammal to feed entirely on termites. [ 29 ] Despite the institution of several populations by the Department of Environment and Conservation, it is hush classified as endangered by the IUCN. [ 30 ] Perth Zoo has been breeding numbats for release into the wild since 1986. The first successful birth was in 1993. By early 2011, 165 numbats had been provided by the menagerie for release into protected habitat. [ 31 ] The western deluge tortoise ( Pseudemydura umbrina ) is a short-necked fresh water turtle and Australia ‘s most critically endangered reptile. The western swamp tortoise has only been recorded at break up localities in a narrow, three-to-five kilometer comic strip of the Swan Coastal Plain. Since 1988, Perth Zoo has bred more than 500 western swamp tortoises. The main barrier to the far recovery of the species is the lack of desirable habitat. The dibbler ( Paranthechinus apicalis ) is a humble carnivorous marsupial found on two islands off the coast of Jurien Bay ( island dibblers ) and on the confederacy slide of western Australia within the Fitzgerald River National Park ( mainland dibblers ). It once had a much wider distribution, but is immediately classified as endangered by the IUCN. [ 32 ] Perth-Zoo-bred dibblers were used to establish a raw population on Escape Island in Jurien Bay. The focus has now changed to breeding dibblers from Fitzgerald River National Park for handout on the mainland. By early 2011, over 500 dibblers had been provided by the menagerie for passing into protect habitat. [ 33 ] The frog breeding program is seeking to increase populations of endanger species, including those listed as vulnerable, Spicospina flammocaerulea, Sunset Frog, and Geocrinia vitellina, Orange-bellied Frog, and the critically endangered Geocrinia alba, the white-bellied frog. [ 28 ] former breeding programs include : The chuditch ( Dasyurus geoffroi ) or western quoll, is one of four quoll species in Australia and is the largest marsupial marauder in western Australia. At the clock of european settlement, chuditch occurred in approximately 70 % of the continent. By the late 1980s, they had become endangered, with less than 6,000 remaining in the southwest of western Australia. Perth Zoo has bred more than 300 chuditch for exhaust in the last decade. Since the breeding program began, the status of chuditch has been modified from endangered to vulnerable. This engender course of study is immediately dispatch. Shark Bay sneak ( Pseudomys fieldi ) besides known as djoongari, prior to 1993 the entirely know population of djoongari was on Bernier Island in the northwest of western Australia, adjacent to the Shark Bay area and was considered to be one of Australia ‘s most geographically restricted animals. Over 300 Perth-Zoo-bred djoongari have been released to sites on the mainland and on islands in the northwest of western Australia. This breeding program is now complete. The cardinal rock-rat ( Zyzomys pedunculatus ) is a critically endangered rodent that was presumed extinct until it was rediscovered in the MacDonnell Ranges Northern Territory in 1996. The last of the menagerie ‘s cardinal rock rats were sent to Alice Springs Desert Park in 2007 and the breeding program closed .

See besides [edit ]

Notes [edit ]

References [edit ]

  • (1930s) The Handbook of the Zoological and Botanical Gardens, South Perth, Western Australia. Perth, W. A. F. W. Simpson, Government. Printer.
  • Jenkins, C.F.H. (1962) Illustrated guide, zoological gardens, Labouchere Road, South Perth, Western Australia Perth: Zoological Gardens Board.
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