City in Western Australia
Rockingham is a suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located 47 kilometer south-south-west of the city center. It acts as the elementary center for the City of Rockingham. It has a beachside location at Mangles Bay, the southerly extremity of Cockburn Sound. To its north stretches the maritime and resource-industry installations of Kwinana and Henderson. Offshore to the northwest is Australia ‘s largest naval fleet and submarine base, Garden Island, connected to the mainland by an all-weather causeway. To the west and south lies the Shoalwater Islands Marine Park.
history [edit ]
Rockingham received its name from the sailing ship Rockingham, one of the three vessels that Thomas Peel had chartered to carry settlers to western Australia ( the others being Gilmore and Hooghly ). Rockingham arrived on 14 May 1830. Rockingham was blown ashore and finally abandoned after failed attempts to refloat her. She finally broke up, having bury in shallow waters. [ 3 ] Settlers purportedly camped near the wreck used the name “ Rockingham Town ” as their address. The region had been inhabited for several thousand years by kin of the Noongar people whose leader at that time was Galyute. [ 4 ] Rockingham was first base surveyed and lots offered for sale in 1847. however, few lots were sold until the growth of a railway and breakwater in 1872 to transport jarrah forest and sandalwood from Jarrahdale abroad. Rockingham prospered until the construction of the Inner Harbour of Fremantle in 1897, which caused Rockingham as a timbre port to steadily decline. [ 5 ] Another divisor that contributed, albeit gradually, to the refuse of the port ‘s importance for forest export was the first step in 1893 of the South Western Railway, the occupation of which intersected the Jarrahdale-Rockingham line and created the possibility of trucking lumber north to Fremantle or south to Bunbury where the ports were able of taking larger ships with deeper draughts. By the twist of the hundred, the external forest trade wind was being handled by larger ships and when the timber merchants determined that they could not justify the expense of dredging to enhance access to the port of Rockingham timber exports shifted to Fremantle. After 1908 the port saw no far use for timber exports. [ 6 ] The ending of the port coincided with the arrival of the motor car, and this new modality of tape drive gave drift to the rapid development of the short coastal liquidation into a seaside resort town. [ 7 ] It was a comfortable day slip by motor car from Fremantle and Perth, and a sufficient outdistance from those centres for the “ travellers ” to legally purchase alcoholic beverages at the Rockingham Hotel on Sundays during an era when such sales were strictly regulated to protect the holiness of that day. Holidaymakers had the use of the old port ‘s jetties while they remained, but by 1947 they were gone, destroyed through the effects of decay and storms. [ 8 ] From the earliest years of the twentieth century, vacation shacks were developed in the township, and by the 1970s Rockingham had besides become a desirable venue for retirement villas – largely of a humble scale. In recent decades Rockingham has become a satellite city in Perth ‘s southwest, together with Mandurah, and is among Australia ‘s fastest-growing residential districts. The maritime tradition has been strengthened by regular growth of the Royal Australian Navy ‘s main fleet base HMAS Stirling and by the development of major shipbuilding and marine support services at nearby Henderson. Since the nineteenth century, abundant sightseeing and recreational attributes have been the footing of a tourism diligence. Visitors can launch little boats or board ferries to see dolphins, seals, pelicans and penguins in the adjacent Marine Park. The coast at nearby Safety Bay is ideal for windsurfing and kitesurfing. On 7 May 2009, a boundary realignment of Cooloongup and Hillman approved by the Minister for Lands incorporated the Rockingham Train Station into Rockingham .
geography [edit ]
Rockingham is topographically bland, has sandy soils and coastal vegetation. It has a northern expression to Cockburn Sound, from Rockingham Beach and Palm Beach .
transportation [edit ]
rail [edit ]
High-frequency passenger services are accessible at the Rockingham Railway Station and Warnbro railway station on the Mandurah Line. A bus net operates throughout Rockingham with multiple routes terminating at the railway stations. [ 9 ] The “ Rockingham Shuttle Bus 555 ” is a frequent service which connects the trail post with the Rockingham Beach foreshore. Frequent services connect Rockingham with Fremantle via the bus service 549 ( via Kwinana and Spearwood ) running at 15-minute intervals Monday to Friday and the 548 ( via. Coogee ). All three of these routes service the chief centre via dedicated bus lanes. local big industry is serviced by branches of the Kwinana freight railroad track which has a number of level crossings within the City of Rockingham. A Rockingham Light Rail service is proposed to connect the railway station with the city concentrate and foreshore. [ 10 ] [ 11 ]
road [edit ]
The Kwinana Freeway is about 15 minutes ‘ drive from the primary center via Kulija Road ( State Route 22 ) or via Safety Bay Road, giving fast access to Perth, Mandurah and Bunbury. National Highway 1 ( Patterson Road and Ennis Avenue ) provides alternate road joining with Perth, Fremantle and Mandurah .
bicycle [edit ]
Perth Bicycle Network route SW38 links Rockingham Beach with Waikiki Beach in Safety Bay. [ 12 ]
Read more: We Can’t Dance
Facilities [edit ]
education [edit ]
Rockingham Beach Primary School was founded in 1895 and is supplemented by Bungaree, Charthouse, East Waikiki, Hillman, Safety Bay and Waikiki chief schools. Public secondary coil schools are Rockingham Senior High School and Safety Bay Senior High School. Private schools in the district include the Roman Catholic Star of the Sea Primary School, Kolbe Catholic College ( High School ), Rockingham Montessori School, South Coast Baptist College ( once Maranatha Christian College ), [ 13 ] and Living Waters Lutheran College. The Rockingham campus of Murdoch University, located on Dixon Road, [ 14 ] comprises buildings for technology studies, arts and commerce, administration and a library which is besides accessible to the local anesthetic community, being one of the largest public libraries in the state. It is linked with the Rockingham Information and Library Services group which includes Warnbro Community Library, Safety Bay Public Library and Mary Davies Public Library. The campus can be accessed by bus services from Fremantle via Kwinana, and from the Rockingham train station on the Mandurah line .
retail shop outlets [edit ]
Rockingham is served by two solid shopping districts, an extensive precinct near the local-government offices ; and the older Rockingham Beach “ high-street ” shops. The former includes several fast-food outlets, a gasoline post, the Rockingham Centre, medical practices, restaurants and two multi-screen cinema complexes. Many of the older beachside shops have either switched to catering for tourism and amateur visitors, or have been redeveloped in a blend of high-rise residential units and associated services such as restaurants. other shopping centres, located at nearby Waikiki, Warnbro and Port Kennedy add to available variety show and option. Residents besides benefit from the proximity of big light-industrial, warehouse and showroom developments, including major vehicle dealers, all types of trade and master services, discount electrical appliances, construction and landscaping materials, family and mechanical maintenance services. A farther abundance of exchangeable competitive services is available in the border suburb mentioned above .
sport [edit ]
Mike Barnett Sports Complex, July 2020 Mike Barnett Sports Complex is a seven-court multi-purpose residential district facility situated on Dixon Road. The stadium is the dwelling of the Rockingham Basketball and Recreation Association ( RBRA ) and the Rockingham Flames of the State Basketball League ( SBL ). [ 15 ]
noteworthy sights [edit ]
Catalpa memorial [edit ]
The “ wild fathead ” memorial On 9 September 2005, a memorial was unveiled at Palm Beach, Rockingham, to commemorate the Catalpa rescue, the celebrated escape of six irish Fenian convicts from Fremantle Prison on 17–18 April 1876. After journeying south from Fremantle by horse-drawn haul, the escapees were rowed from the beach to the Catalpa, an american whaler. The parlous flight succeeded in the confront of an nightlong storm and naval interception at dawn. The memorial consists of six hazardous geese in flight symbolic of the escape to freedom and, to all irish people, emigration. This is mounted on a pedestal built with stones from ship ‘s ballast. Mounted on the pedestal are six granite panels sandblasted with photos of the six Fenian prisoners and a granite dedication rock. At the extinct circumference of the traffic circle there are six bronze plaques bearing textbook inscriptions from the Wild Goose Journal which the Fenians had written on board the Hougoumont as prisoners on their ocean trip to Australia. creation of the memorial was initiated and documented by Francis Conlan and executed by Joan Walsh-Smith and Charles Smith. [ 16 ] Historical data was sourced from The Fenian Wild Geese: from the last convict ship to the Catalpa rescue by Ormonde D. P. Waters ( Catalpa Publications, 2011 ) .
naval Memorial Park [edit ]
To the north of Rockingham lies the Rockingham Naval Memorial Park, opposition HMAS Stirling. It contains a number of commemorative plaques, a 110 millimeter ( 4.5 in ) gun turret of HMAS Derwent ( DE 49 ) and a submarine five from HMAS Orion, added in 2009. [ 17 ] [ 18 ]